Saint Lucia

Official name: Saint Lucia. Form of government: constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses (Senate 11); House of Assembly (17). Chief of state: British Queen Elizabeth II (from 1952), represented by Governor-General Dame Pearlette Lousy (from 1997). Head of governement: Prime minister Stephenson King(from 2007).Capital:Castries.Official Language:English.Official religion:none.Monetary Unit: 1 Eastern Caribbean dollar (EC$)= 100 cents; valuation(1 Jul 2009) US1= EC$2.67.

Demography

Area: 238 sq mi, 617 sq km.Population (2008): 171,000. Density (2008):persons per sq mi 718.5,persons per sq km 277.1. Urban (2005):28.0%.Sex distributiion (2005):male 48.91%; female 51.09%.Age breakdown (2005):under 15, 28.4%; 15-29, 28.4%; 30-44,21.5%;45-59, 12.3%;60-74, 6.5%;75 and over, 2.9%. Ethnic composition (2000): black 50%; mulatto 44%; East Indian 3%; white 1%; other 2%.Religious Affiliation (2001): Roman Catholic 67.5%; Protestant 22.0%, of which seventh-day Adventist 8.4%, Pentecostal 5.6%; Rastafarian 2.1%; nonreligious 4.5%; other/unknown 3.9%.Major towns (2006): Castries 65,000; Vieux Fort 4,600; Micoud 3,400;Soufriere 2,900; Dennery 2,900.Location:island between the Carribean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Vital Statistics

Birth Rate per 1,000 population (2005): 15.1(world avg 20.3); within marriage 15.0%; outside of marriage 85.0%.Death rate per 1,000 population (2005):7.2 (world avg 8.6). Natural Incease rate per 1,000 population (2005): 7.9(world avg 11.7). Total fertility rate(avg. births per childbearing womanl 2005): 2.21. Life expectancy at birth (2005): male 70.0 year; female 77.4 years.

National Economy

Budget (2005).Revenue:EC$ 575,700,000(tax revenue 93.6%, of which taxes,duties, and service charges on imports 47.7%,taxes on domestic goods and services 15.5% ,corporate taces 10.5%; nontax revenue 6.1%). Expenditures:EC$663,200,000(current expenditures 74.9%, of which interest payments 10.6%; development expenditures 25.1%). Public debt (external ,outstanding ;2007-080:US$397,500,000.Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture anf fishing (20070:bananas 34,000,coconuts 14,000,plantains 750, pepper 260;livestock(number of live animals) 15,000 pigs, 12,500 sheep, 12,500 cattle;fisheries production (2006) 1,496, of which tuna 410(fro aquaculture , negligible). Mining and quarrying :excavation of sand for local construction and pumice.Manufacturing (value of production in EC$000;2007):food , beverages, (significally alcoholic beverages), and tobacco products 81,005; electrical products 31,489;paper products and cardboard boxes 21,253. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr 2005)310,000,000(310,000,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 2005) none (121,000). Population economically active (2004):total 80,600;activity rate of totaly population 49.7%(participation rates: ages 15 and over, 68.6%;female (2000)47.2%;unemployed (2006) 15.7%). Gross National Income (2007): US$929,000,000 (US$5,530 per capita). Selected balance of payment data.Receipts from (US $ 000,000:tourism (2006) 347;remittanes (2007) 3; foreign direct investment (2004-06 avg.) 94;official develpment assitance (2006) 18. Disbursements for. (US$000,000): tourism (2006) 43;remittances (2007)1.

Foregn Trade

Imports (2006; c.i.f): US$ 592,300,000(food products 15.9%; machinary and apparatus 15.3%;motor vehicles 10.2%; chemical products 6.9%;base and fabricated metals 6.2% ;refined petroleum products 5.7%). Major import sources (2006): US 39.2%;Trinidad and Tobago 16.8%;UK 6.9%; Japan 6.3%Barbados 4.4%.Exports (2005; f.o.b): US 64,200,000(bananas 24.1%;beer 16.2%;refined petroleum products 15.4%;nonelectrical machinary and apparatus 6.7%;paperboard cartons 5.1%). Major export destinations (2005): UK 26.0%; Trinidad and Tobago 22.4%; US 14.0% Barbados 10.1%;Grenada 5.1%.

Transport and Communications

Transport.Railroads:none.Roads(1999):total length 1,210 km (paved 5%). Vehicles (2001):passenger cars 22,453;trucks and buses 8.972.Air transport (Castries and Vieux Fort Airports only; 2001): passenger arrivals and departures 679,000; cargo unloaded and loaded 3,500metric tons. Communications, in total units(units per 1,000 persons).Telephone landlines (2002):51,000 (336); cellular telephone subscribers (2005): 106,000 (657);personal computers (2004):26,000 (173); total internet users (2004): 55,000(339)

Education and Health

Educational atainment (2004).Percentage of population ages 15 and over having: no formal schooling/unknown 9.8%;incomplete primary education 7.4%; complete primary 45.0%;secondary 28.6%; higher vocational 6.2%;university 3.0%.Literacy (2004):percentage of total population literate 94.8%. Health (20050 :physicians 83(1 per 1, 983 persons); hospital beds 477 (1 per 345 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births 18.9%;undernourished population (2002-04) 8,000(5% of total population based on the consumption of a minimum of 1,900 calories.)

Military

Total active duty personnel (2006): a 300-member police force includes a speciality trained paramilitary unit and a coast guard unit.

Background

Caribs replaced early Arawak inhabitants on the island C.AD 800-1300.Settled b the French in 1650, it was ceded to Great Britain in 1814 and became one of the Windward islands in 1871.It became fully independent as Saint Lucia in 1979. The economy is based on agriculture and tourism.

Recent Developments

It was announced in March 2008 that the government had accepted a Cuban proposal that Saint Lucia become the hub for the transit of Cuban-made good to the eastern Caribbean . Transportation between the two countries would be upgraded, and Air Cubana would convert some of its older aircraft to cargo planes in support of the venture.

 

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