Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Official name: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Form of government: constitutional monarchy with one legislative house (house of assemly (22) ).Chief of state:British Queen Elizabeth II (from 1952), represented by Governor-General Sir Frederick Ballantyne (from 2002).Head of goernment: Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves (from 2001).Capital: Kingstown.Official Language:English.Official Religion:none.Monetary unit:1 Eastern Caribbean dollar (EC$)=100 cents;valuation (1 Jul 2009) US $1=EC$ 2.67.

Demography

Area:150.3 sq mi, 389.3 sq km. Population(2008): 106,000.Density (2008):persons per sq mi 705.3, persons per sq km 272.3.Urban (2006) :46.3%.Sex distribution (2005):male 50385%;female 49.15%. Age breakdown (2005): under 15,27.1%;15-28, 30.0%;30-44,22.1%; 45-59,12.1%;60-74,5.8%;75 and over , 2.9%. Ethnic Composition (1999):black 65.5%;mulatto 23.5%;Indo-Pakistani 5.5%; white 3.5%;black-Amerindian 2.0%.Religious affiliation (2000) :Protestant 47.0%;unaffiliated Christian 20.3%; independant Christian 11.7%;Roman Catholic 8.8%;Hindu 3.4%; Spiritist 1.8%; Muslim 1.5%;nonreligious 2.3%;other 3.2%.Major cities(2006):Kingstown 18,200; Georgetown 1,700;Byera 1,400;Port Elizabeth 850.Location islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago.

Vital Statistics

Birth Rate per 1,000 population (2006) : 20.0 (world avg 20.3); (2003) within marriage 15.6%;outside of marriage 84.4%.Death rate per 1,000 population (2006) :6.7 (world avg 8.6):Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (2006) :13.3 (world avg 11.7).Total fertility rate (avg.births per childbearing woman ; 2006): 2.20.Life expectancy at birth (2006): male 69.0 years;female 74.6 years.

National Economy

Budget (2006).Revenue:EC$399,240,000(tax revenue 90.6% of which taxes on international trade and transactions 40.6%, income tax 12.4%,corporate tax 10.9%m stamp duty 9.6%;nontax revenue 9.4%). Expenditures:EC$ 456,740,000(current expenitures 77.8%, of which wages and salaries 37.5%;development expenditures 22.2%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 2005): US$248,300,000.Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture and fishing (2007):bananas 51,000,sugarcane 20,000, plantains 3,600;soursoaps ,papayas, and eddoes and dasheens (varieties of taro roots) are also grown; livestock (number of live animals) 12,000sheep, 9,150 pigs, 7,200 goats;fisheries production 2,745 (from aquaculture, none).Mining and quarrying:sand and gravel for local use. Manufacturing (added value in EC'000,000;2000): beverages and tobacco products 17.4; food products 15.6;paper products and publishing 3.6;textiles ,wearing apparel, and foorwear 3.3.Energy production): electricity (kW-hr; 2005) 124,000,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 2005)none (62,000).Selected balance of payments data.Receipts from (US$'000,000):tourism (2006) 113;remittances (2006) 5.0;foreign direct investment (FDI) (2004-06 avg.)64;official development assistance (2006)4.7.Disbursements for (US$000,000): tourism (2005) 14; remittances (2006) 2.0; FDI (2001-05 avg.) negligible .Gross national income (2007):US$507,000,000(US$4,210 per capita).Populaion economically active (2006):total 58,000;activity rate of total population 48.3%(participation rates:ages 15-64, 75.3%;female 41.4%,unemployed (2004) 12.0%

Foreign Trade

Imports (2006): US$271,300,000(machinary and apparatus 17.4%;food products 17.1%;refined petroleum products 13.0%;base and fabricated metals 8.6%; chemicals products 8.0%). Major import sources:US 32.7%;Trinidad and Tobago 25.9%;UK 7.1%;Japan 3.9%;Canada 3.6%.Exports (2006): US$38,100,000(food products 72.4%, of which bananas 29.4%, wheat flour n13.1%, roots and tubers 10.8%, rice 10.0%;base and fabricated metals 6.6%;aerated water 3.9%). Major export destinations:UK 25.5%;Trinidad and Tobago 14.7%;Barbados 13.9%, Saint Lucia 12.1%; Antigua and Barbuda 7.9%.

Transport Communications

Transport.Railroads:none.Roads (2004):total length 829 km (paved 70%).Vehicles (2003):passenger cars 12,196;trucks and buses 4,447.Air transport (2003) :passenger arrivals 133,769;passenger departures 137,899.Communications, in total units (units oer 1,000 persons).Telephone landlines (2007) :23,000(190); cellular telephine subscribers (2007):111,000(918);personal computers (2005):16,000 (152);total internet users (2007): 57,000 (473);broadband internet subscribers (2007):8,000 (75).

Education and Health

Educational attainment (2001). Percentage of emplyed population having:no formal schooling/unknown 1.7%;primary education 55.6%;secondary 27.3%;higher vocational 15.1%;university 0.3%.Literay (2004):percentage of total population ages 15 and over literate 88.1%.Health (2005):physicians 72 (1 per 1,458); hospital beds 472 (1 per 222 persons): infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births 15.7;undernourisehd population (2002-04)10,000 (10% of total poulation based on the consumption of a minimum daily requirement of 1,900 calories).

Military

Total active duty personnel (2007): no regular military forces; the paramilitary includes coast guard and polcie unites.

Background

The French an the British contested for control of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines until 1763, when it was ceded to England by the treaty of Paris.The original inhabitants, the Caribs, recognized British sovereighty but revolted in 1795.Most of the Caribs were deported;many who remained were killed in volcanic eruptions in 1812 and 1902.In 1969 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines became a self-governing state in association with the United Kingdom , and in 1979 it achieved full independence.

Recent developments

The prime minister in May 2008 condemned those who portrayed Venezuelen Pres. Hugo Chavez as a monster, shortly after the arrival from Venezuela of millions of dollars worth of contruction equipment for the country's new internaitonal airport.

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