Benin Education The literacy rate increased from about 20% in the mid-1970s to about 26% in the late 1980s following the adoption of legislation in 1975 making education free and compulsory. In the late 1980s about 471,000 pupils attended elementary school each year, and about 97,000 students were enrolled in secondary schools. Higher education is provided for more than 10,000 students at the National University of Benin (1970), in Cotonou, and at other institutions. Benin, republic, western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. Known in full as the Republic of Benin, it extends inland about 670 km (about 415 mi) from its 126-km (78-mi) long gulf coast. Benin is bordered on the north by Burkina Faso (Upper Volta) and Niger, on the east by Nigeria, and on the west by Togo. Formerly part of French West Africa, it gained independence in 1960 as Dahomey; it was named Benin in 1975. It has an area of 112,622 sq km (43,484 sq mi).

Prospective students can start from here to find top postgraduate or undergraduate courses in Benin.
Lecturers and University staff can start from here to search for Beninese Colleges and Universities with whom to establish co-operative education programs, student exchanges or simply research education information.

National University of Benin
The National University of Benin ((French) Université Nationale du Bénin) is the principal university in the country of Benin. The university was founded in 1970 as the Université du Dahomey. In 1975 the name was changed to Université Nationale du Bénin. Its name is abbreviated to UNB.

The school is composed of 19 institutions and six campuses. The main campus is the Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC). Enrollment at UAC was over 16,000 in 1999, including over 3,300 women.
[edit] Université d'Abomey-Calavi

The Université d'Abomey-Calavi, the National University's largest campus, is located in Cotonou. Constituent institutions of the UAC include:

* Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)
* Institut des Langues Arabes et de Cultures Islamique (ILACI)
* Institut Universitaire de Technologie (IUT) & Ecole Normale Supérieure de l’Enseignement Technique (ENSET) de Lokossa
* Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP)
* Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS)
* Ecole Nationale d’Economie Appliquée et de Management (ENEAM)
* Ecole Nationale d’Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM)
* Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (Formation Doctorale)
* Institut National de la Jeunesse de l’Education Physique et du Sport (INJEPS)
* Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (FSA)
* Faculté des Lettres, Arts et Sciences Humaines (FLASH)
* Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS)
* Faculté des Sciences Economiques (FASEG)
* Faculté de Droit et de Sciences Politiques (FADESP)
* Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST)

 


1 Université d'Abomey-Calavi
Cotonou


2 Ecole du Patrimoine Africain Porto-Novo

Ecole du Patrimoine Africain
" Un patrimoine pour mieux se connaître et mieux se faire comprendre " "A Heritage for better understanding and better understanding"
EPA
A la une In Focus
• [23 au 29/06] M. • [23 to 29/06] Mr. François Vianou participe à Mombasa, à un séminaire intitulé "Patrimoine, mémoire et politique" organisé par l'Ambassade de France à Nairobi et le Ministère français des Affaires étrangères et européennes. Francis Vianou participates in Mombasa, a seminar entitled "Heritage, memory and politics" held by the Embassy of France to Nairobi and the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs and European. Cette manifestation s'inscrit dans le prolongement du programme Africa 2009, dont l'objectif était de renforcer les capacités nationales en matière de conservation, gestion et valorisation du patrimoine en Afrique subsaharienne. This event builds on the Africa 2009 Programme, whose objective was to strengthen national capacity for conservation, management and enhancement of World Heritage in SSA.

• [21 au 23/06] M. • [21 to 23/06] Mr. Kessou, Chargé de programme au Pôle Territoires et Patrimoines participe à Yaoundé, à la réunion sous-régionale sur l'exercice pour le patrimoine mondial des rapports périodiques pour les pays francophones et lusophones d'Afrique, organisée par le Centre du patrimoine mondial et le bureau de l'UNESCO à Yaoundé. Kessou, Programme Officer at the Pole Landscapes and Heritage participates in Yaounde, the sub-regional meeting on the year for World Heritage periodic reporting for Francophone and Lusophone countries in Africa, organized by the World Heritage Centre and UNESCO Office in Yaoundé.

Plus d'infos... More info ...

L'EPA, qui a statut d'organisation internationale non gouvernementale, est un établissement universitaire de 2ème cycle à vocation internationale, spécialisé dans la conservation et la médiation du patrimoine culturel tangible et intangible. The EPA, which has the status of international non-governmental organization, is a university in the second round with an international, specialist conservation and mediation of cultural heritage, tangible and intangible. Elle propose à 26 pays d'Afrique subsaharienne francophone, de former des professionnels de la conservation et de la mise en valeur du patrimoine culturel. It offers 26 countries in sub-Saharan Francophone Africa, to train professionals in the conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage.

Depuis sa création en 1998, l'EPA, basée à Porto-Novo, Bénin, a formé plus de 600 professionnels du patrimoine africains, monté 3 expositions, organisé une conférence internationale, publié 25 rapports, une chronique, un guide touristique et 8 sites Internet, réalisé 4 enquêtes. Since its inception in 1998, the EPA, based in Porto-Novo, Benin, has trained over 600 professionals of African heritage, mounted three exhibitions, organized an international conference, published 25 reports, a chronicle, a tourist guide and 8 sites Internet made four inquiries.

Elle dispose d'une autonomie financière et reçoit des financements de divers bailleurs. It has financial autonomy and receives funding from various donors.

EPA - Ecole du Patrimoine Africain EPA - Ecole du Patrimoine Africain
01 BP 2205, Porto-Novo - Bénin 01 BP 2205, Porto-Novo - Benin
tél.: (229) 20 21 48 38 tel.: (229) 20 21 48 38
fax.: (229) 20 21 21 09 Fax.: (229) 20 21 21 09
mél.: e-mail.: [email protected]


NHEA (International Network for Higher Education in Africa) Benin profile
Introduction
Benin, formerly known as Dahomey, is located in West Africa with a total population estimated at 5.6 million. The official language is French and Benin's higher education system has been shaped by its French structure. It is a public system controlled by a single university system.

Historical Background
During the colonial period (1890-1960), Benin had no higher education system and colonial subjects were trained in France and later in Senegal at the Dakar University when that institution was established after World War I. After independence, Benin established a joint higher education institution with neighboring Togo in the late 1960s, with one branch in each country (arts and letters in Togo, and sciences in Benin).

In 1970, Benin decided to create its own university, the Université du Dahomey, later to became Université Nationale du Bénin (UNB) in 1975, after the country changed its name from Dahomey to Benin.

Enrollment
In 1970, Benin decided to create its own university, Université du Dahomey. It became Université Nationale du Bénin (UNB) in 1975. Benin's higher education system is centralized and is mostly public. The UNB caters to most of the demand for post-secondary education in the country. However, the late 1990s saw the emergence of private institutions, which are becoming a major feature of the system.

UNB is composed of 19 institutions scattered on 6 campuses. Enrollments at the main campus, Abomey-Calavi, have grown considerably from 350 students in 1970 to 7,253 in 1986, 11,007 in 1995, and 16,284 in 1999, including 3,346 (20.5%) women. Student enrollment in higher education represents only 1% of the age group. In 1999, the three classic faculties enrolled a total of 12,925 students, or 79% of the entire university.
Student Enrollments 1970-99
Year

Enrollments
1970

350
1975

1,896
1980

3,390
1986

7,253
1990

9,201
1995

11,007
1996

11,227
1997

14,055
1998

14,486
1999

16,284

Faculty
The number of academics decreased from 614 in 1992 to 559 in 1994 but remained stable until 1997, and reached 638 in 1999. Assistant professors hold the Doctorat de troisième cycle, (doctorate) and professors, the Doctorat d'Etat (doctorate). The last category (teaching assistants) is composed of those who do not have the doctorate yet, but whose responsibilities are mainly teaching.
Academics 1992-99
Year

Professors

Assistant Professors

Teaching Assistants

Others

Total
1992

88

272

194

60

614
1993

88

284

196

35

603
1994

90

287

150

32

559
1995

67

266

228

0

561
1996

81

304

177

0

562
1997

85

346

170

0

601
1998

88

357

165

0

610
1999

101

371

166

0

638

Administration and Governance
The presidential decree that established and organized the university and higher education in Benin in 1970 was amended by another decree signed in 1973. The university and higher education fall under the responsibility of the Ministry of National Education, while the rector leads the University.

The history of governance of the university system has been closely related to the evolution of the country's political situation. The appointment of the senior management of the university (the rector and his deputy, the general secretary, and the deans and heads of specialized institutions) was the exclusive prerogative of the government. Autonomy and academic freedom were very limited, a fact that led several faculty members to leave the country.

Since the advent of the democratic process in the early 1990s, the situation has been gradually changing. The rector is still appointed by the government, but deans are now elected by their peers. Professors now enjoy substantial academic freedom, which is very conducive to the development of academic activities.

Financing and Resources
Benin's higher education system is in serious crisis today. The system lacks resources, is both internally and externally inefficient, and faces increasing demands while resources are dwindling. Economic difficulties, the requirements of a Structural Adjustment Program administered by the International Monetary Fund, and the 50% devaluation of the CFA franc in 1998 have considerably limited resources available to higher education in Benin. As a consequence, the academic environment has been weakened and there has been a climate of instability on campus. This is a multi-faceted crisis stemming from an obsolete institutional framework, uncontrolled student flow, low teaching quality, insufficient infrastructure and equipment, insufficient financial resources, and poor working and living conditions for students, faculty, and administrative staff.

Private Institutions
Technological development in Benin has generated a growing need for specialized skills that UNB cannot meet. Private institutions are filling this gap. A recent study identified 27 private higher education institutions with enrollment ranging from 20 to 521 students, even though no such institution existed in the early 1990s. Most of these schools are located in the country's major city and are rather small institutions offering two-year courses in industrial, business, and secretarial areas. Some of them are affiliated to foreign higher education institutions (mainly in France) and provide joint higher level courses. The private higher education institutions in Benin together enroll about 2,700, which represents 16% of enrollments in higher education in the country, and employ about 670 teachers and 236 administrative staff. Most of their teachers work part-time and come from the UNB or the civil service.

One burning issue is the accreditation of private higher education institutions. Debates have taken place between the university and the owners of these institutions about the quality of the education and training they provide.